Hormonal changes during your monthly cycle can cause changes in your skin and create a tendency to have acne breakouts. These natural hormonal fluctuations influence the skin's hydration level, the size of the oil glands in the skin, oiliness of the skin, skin's elasticity, etc. Understanding these changes can help you better assess and treat your acne.
How does the skin change during the monthly cycle?
Menstrual phase (Days 1-8)
The Menstrual phase is the first phase of your period. It starts on the first day and lasts 6-8 days. During this phase, levels of estrogen and progesterone in your circulation are low. Your skin may look dull, dry, and dehydrated, making fine lines and wrinkles more prominent.
Follicular phase (Days 9-18)
During this part of your mensural cycle, estrogen levels are gradually rising. Your skin will look great, glowing, and usually clearer than usual. The increasing levels of estrogen and serotonin will make your skin better hydrated and less irritated. The skin would look at is best around day 14 of the cycle, the day of the ovulation.
Luteal phase (Days 19-28)
The Luteal phase is the final part of your monthly cycle. It lasts from the last day of ovulation (days 14-18) to the day before your next period. (Day 28) Some women with experience during this phase of the cycle the typical PMS symptoms. The decrease in estrogen can cause the skin to be more irritated and your mood to be more irritable.
The increase in testosterone and progesterone levels during this phase will frequently cause overproduction of sebum (skin oil), leading to an increase in the size of the skin oil glands and clogged pores.
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