What causes acne scars and dark marks?
The spots that you are left on your skin after a pimple has healed are caused by a defective healing process. When you have a pimple or any other abrasion or wound on your skin it undergoes a healing process. When this healing process is defective the skin will heal with a dark spot (too much melanin) or depressed scar (like a crater in your skin). Picking, popping or even just touching a pimple can increase the risk of leaving a scar. The depressed, sunken, acne scars occur when normal tissue in the skin is destroyed and replaced with fibrous tissue. These scars start to form when the healing process results in vertical collagen fibers (scar tissue ) that pull down on the skin and cause a crater-like lesion.
How can acne scars be prevented?
There multiple causes for acne. The obvious one is the severity of your acne (Deeper more severe acne will lead to more scars) and your genetic tendency to have scars. Squeezing pimples will increase the risk of scars and spending more time in the sum will cause more post-acne dark spots.
How to treat dark acne marks?
Some of the dark acne murk colors will fade by itself in 3 to months. Some will stay for years. Fortunately, there are a number of few new treatment options to help speed up the process and fade dark acne spots faster.
Suntanning as a treatment for acne scars and dark spots?
Not a good idea. Excessive sun exposure or artificial tanning during an active breakout of acne will usually cause darkening of the acne pimples. Thus, if you have active acne or post-acne dark spots and scars your sun is your enemy. Using a dedicated oil-free sunscreen, SPF 30 will protect your skin and will fade your existing dark spots faster.
Treatment creams and serums a that can help and prevent dark spots and acne scars
Hydroquinone is the gold standard in medical dark spot lightening. Extensively used by a dermatologist it can help fade the most stubborn brown spots in 4-12 weeks. Combined with salicylic acid and retinoids these magical creams will show results even in people with darker skin types.
A naturally derived version of hydroquinone, less effective than its medical grade relative (hydroquinone) the bearberry is a great addition to high-end dark spot correctors,
Licorice contains, glabridin a compound that disperses melanin and inhibits the production of new melanin in dark spots. It is less effective than hydroquinone but still a very good addition to anti-acne treatment cream, that helps prevent and fade acne dark spots throughout the treatment of active acne and beyond.
Another magical medical grade ingredient that can be helpful both in treating active acne and post-acne dark spots. Derived from the bark of the tree it provides a gentle peel off the outer layer of the skin. Removing some of the excessive melanin that causes the brown spots and enhancing eth activity of other skin lightening agents – more specifically hydroquinone.
Acne medications with vitamin C (ascorbic acid) can block abnormal pigment production and can brighten spots that have already developed. These creams can also help build collagen and promote normal healthy healing of your skin.
Retinoids work by increasing cell turnover which in turn helps fade hyperpigmentation. You can think of it as pushing the excessive brown pigment upwards, out of the skin. Retinoids come in different flavors. Some like adapalene and retinoic acid are usually associated with significant irritation and sun photosensitivity. A better choice for people with acne and dark spots would be another member of the retinoids family, i.e.: Retinyl palmitate that will usually be gentle on the skin and still provide the needed skin brightening effect.
The best treatment for depressed (atrophic acne scars) 2018
The best treatment for atrophic scars is micro-needle radiofrequency and to a lesser degree fractional laser treatment. The microneedle radiofrequency (radio waves) is minimally invasive office treatment in which very thin micro-needles reinserted into the skin (up to 3.5 mm), gently heat the skin to promote the production of new collagen. This new collagen fills the atrophic scars and them less noticeable. A 50% improvement can be expected in most patients.